It is an irony that while islam recommends muslims to seek for knowledge, the muslim countries are categorized among the developing countries in the world in many muslim countries, the percentage of illiteracy is 20 % to 30. Thus pursuing knowledge in a particular field of science that would help alleviate the pains of humanity and advance human progress is highly applauded and appreciated in islam it is our duty as muslims to excel in all fields of life science, knowledge, business, industry, charity and political activism.
The develop of knowledge in islam prophet said: for him who embarks on the path of seeking knowledge, allah will ease for him the way to paradise (related by muslim) prophet said: the llama are the heirs of the prophets, and the prophets do not leave an inheritance of dirham and diners, but they left only knowledge. In the history of medicine, islamic medicine is the science of medicine developed in the islamic golden age, and written in arabic, the lingua franca of islamic civilization islamic medicine preserved, systematized and developed the medical knowledge of classical antiquity, including the major traditions of hippocrates, galen and dioscorides.
Exercise of the intellect ('aql) is of significance in the entire islamic literature which played an important role in the development of all kinds of knowledge, scientific or otherwise, in the muslim world.
Islamic medicine preserved, systematized and developed the medical knowledge of classical antiquity, including the major traditions of hippocrates, galen and dioscorides during the post-classical era , islamic medicine was the most advanced in the world, integrating concepts of the ancient greek , roman , persian as well as the ancient indian traditions of ayurveda. The rise and development of islam derived from both judaism and christianity, islam was a religion that claimed prophets from both religions (adam, noah, abraham, moses, & jesus), and saw itself as sharing the same god with these two religions, with muhammad being the last prophet.
Science in the medieval islamic world was the science developed and practised during the islamic golden age under the umayyads of córdoba, the abbadids of seville, the samanids, the ziyarids, the buyids in persia, the abbasid caliphate and beyond, spanning the period c 800 to 1250. Thus, its scientific development was built outside of belief and differs dramatically from the understanding of science and knowledge in the east on the other hand, knowledge and science flourished for centuries in the islamic world.
Islam encourages muslims to seek and acquire knowledge, which is the basis of development and which benefits the individual and the society in the framework of the religion allah almighty says [ it is only those who have knowledge among his slaves that fear allah ] (fatir 35:28. The qu’ran itself encouraged the accumulation of knowledge, and a golden age of islamic science and mathematics flourished throughout the medieval period from the 9th to 15th centuries the house of wisdom was set up in baghdad around 810, and work started almost immediately on translating the major greek and indian mathematical and astronomy.
Islam is the religion of knowledge the first aayah of the qur’aan to be revealed enjoined reading which is the key to knowledge allaah says (interpretation of the meaning).